新的DNA测试报告计划在杠铃中打击遗传疾病

在旨在打击杠杆的遗传性疾病的举动中,Kennel Club已经批准了在与健康委员会协商之后,批准了用于饲养杆 - 锥变性的新的官方DNA测试报告计划,进行了进一步的杆菌萎缩性,进一步的视网膜萎缩(PRCD-PRA)品种俱乐部。

Barbet是一个古老的法国品种,是英国狗田的最新补充。它于2018年被肯尼斯俱乐部认可,并在今年在Crufts举行了竞争力的首次亮相。

PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) is a condition that causes the parts of the eye that are sensitive to light to break down. PRA produces a gradual loss of vision in both eyes, eventually leading to total blindness. In prcd-PRA the parts of the eye that work in low-light, known as rod cells, begin to degenerate first, followed by a deterioration of the parts of the eye that deal with bright-light, known as cone cells. A number of breeds are affected by PRA and, although the clinical effects are usually the same, each breed’s version of PRA is often caused by a different genetic mutation.

The condition of prcd-PRA is described as autosomal-recessive. This means that a dog must inherit two copies of an abnormal gene (one from its mother and one from its father) before its health is likely to be affected. A dog which inherits only one copy of the abnormal gene (from its mother or its father) will likely have no signs of the disease, but will be a carrier and may pass the gene on to any offspring.

测试的狗将记录在狗窝俱乐部系统上作为以下内容之一:

Clear

The dog does not have any copies of the abnormal gene associated with the disease. The dog is highly unlikely to be clinically affected and will pass on only a normal copy of the gene to a puppy.

Carrier

The dog has one copy of the normal gene and one copy of the abnormal gene associated with the disease. The dog is unlikely to be clinically affected but may pass on one copy of the normal gene, or one copy of the abnormal gene, to a puppy.

Affected

The dog has two copies of the abnormal gene associated with the disease. The dog will likely be clinically affected by the disorder and will pass on one copy of the abnormal gene to any potential offspring.

To find out which laboratories the Kennel Club is able to record results from, and which labs will send results direct to The Kennel Club, please refer to the worldwide DNA testing list per breed via ourBreeds A to Z. Please note that this listing is not necessarily comprehensive and other labs may offer the tests.

The Kennel Club constantly reviews DNA testing schemes in conjunction with breed clubs to ensure that breeders are supported with resources which help them to make responsible breeding decisions.

Kennel Club伴随着品种俱乐部和品种健康协调员在合作努力中,以改善血统犬的健康,并且很乐意容纳俱乐部的要求,以向其名单添加新的DNA测试。通常需要来自品种的健康协调员或来自品种俱乐部的大多数要求的正式要求。

Test results will be added to the dog’s registration details which will trigger the publication of the result in the next available Breed Records Supplement. The result will appear on any new registration certificate issued for the dog and on the registration certificates of any future progeny of the dog, and also on the Health Test Results Finder on the Kennel Club website.

Results for dogs already tested can also be recorded, but owners will need to submit copies of the DNA certificates themselves, which should be scanned andemailed to our team.

Owners are reminded that since August 2018, it has been mandatory that the dog’s microchip (or tattoo) number is recorded along with either the dog’s registered name or registered number on any DNA certificates. Any test results issued after that date that do not carry these identifying features will not be added to the Kennel Club systems.