小狗进口

西班牙赛跑
爱丽丝寄宿©/狗窝俱乐部

进口幼小小狗进入英国提出了一些关于动物福利和剥削的重要担忧,包括运输条件,小狗养殖和非法走私。英国(英国)的育种者一直无法满足英国需求的飙升水平,最近的立法变化没有帮助进一步的情况,进出口急于填补这一差距。

现行法规

Non-commercial importation of dogs into the UK

Prior to 2021, the non-commercial movement of dogs, cats and ferrets into UK was regulated by the European Union (EU) under the Pet Travel Scheme (PETS), which required puppies to be a minimum of 15 weeks of age upon importation. Unfortunately, it is widely acknowledged that commercial importers were illegitimately using PETS as a route to import puppies under the age limit, raising serious implications for both the welfare of puppies and the risk of diseases.

在2021年1月1日之后,英国政府现在拥有将导入规则设置为英国(Gwww.w88.comB)的能力,尽管这些目前与过渡期结束前的要求相同。

As a result of the Northern Ireland (NI) Protocol, NI remains fully within the EU PETS system. Therefore, at present, the rules for importing a dog into GB and NI from outside of the UK remain aligned. The following rules apply to dogs being imported into GB from outside of the UK*, and for import into NI (including from GB):

所有宠物必须微芯片和抗狂犬病疫苗。兽医需要证明宠物在疫苗接种后至少12周,欧盟和某些其他国家(包括进口GB)的旅行者在旅行前的主要疫苗接种后,需要等待21天 - Puppies这些国家必须在进口前至少15周。从“未上市”第三国进入的宠物必须在初始疫苗接种后30天通过血液测试,然后进行三个月的等待。根据原籍国,狗还必须在旅行前不超过五天接受绦虫治疗。

*There are no paperwork or health requirements to transport dogs from Northern Ireland into GB.

狗进入英国的商业进口

Commercial movements of animals are covered by the principles of the Balai Directive, a piece of EU law which the UK has retained following the transition period. The Balai Directive covers, for example, when a puppy is imported for onward sale and requires puppies to be a minimum of 15 weeks of age and to meet national pet travel rules. Under the Balai Directive, dogs must come from a registered holding and are subject to a clinical examination of pet and health certificates by a veterinarian. As well as this, importers must ensure notice of their shipment is provided to the Animal and Plant Health Agency alongside a declaration of their onward destination to allow for future traceability and follow up checks.

如果派对内或宠物正在移动,并且无法在五天内被宠物加入,则这些规则也必须遵循超过五个宠物。但是,如果个人在竞争,表演或培训的目的中与五个以上的动物一起旅行,则可以完成宣言,该声明提供了商业运动要求的豁免。鉴于参展商不太可能与六个月大的幼犬竞争,这种豁免只有可能适用于五个或更多成人dogs.

Under the Balai Directive, 39,997 dogs were commercially imported to the UK in 2017. The number of dogs imported under this legislation increased to 44,563 in 2019.

狗窝俱乐部的观点

有关进口幼犬的人有合理的担忧,必须全面解决,以考虑目前进口小狗或合法旅行。任何解决方案都必须认识到,为了停止进口小狗,国内繁殖的小狗的供应需要普遍满足需求水平。只要家养的小狗供应无法满足需求,进口商就会有缺口。

鉴于幼犬的显着痛苦陷入了非法进口贸易,以及他们姿势的潜在疾病风险,很明显,现有的进口法规对狗提供充足的保护,这些都是进口的狗和现有的本土人群。

保护合法运动

在六个月内的所有狗的进口的毯子禁令,而在六个月内,在吸引人的情况下会对大量进入英国的大量人员造成过度的影响,以至于六个月以下的小狗。

Such a measure would enable border officials to easily identify whether a puppy met the age restrictions and thus could effectively restrict the ability of puppy smugglers to import puppies at around the 8-10 weeks mark; however, it would also impact those relocating for work purposes or breeders seeking to import a single puppy with a view to diversifying or improving the genetic line within their dog breed, and thereby improving breed health.

Our proposals

Reduce numbers of imported puppies

现有的规则re insufficient in preventing importers from illegally importing puppies for onwards sale. Reducing the number of puppies that can be imported – to one or two puppies per vehicle – would subsequently decrease the financial viability for those seeking to abuse importation regulations to commercially import puppies.

例如,在宠物下,个人能够进口五只小狗;从理论上讲,这将使一辆车中的四个人进口二十只小狗,边境检查最小,然后将以巨额利润销售给英国小狗买家。不幸的是,这些小狗经常被培养并掌握在令人震惊的条件下,经历了极度长的旅程,在欧洲的这些旅程中没有想到他们的福利。

Tougher penalties

对那些违反进口法规的人的财务处罚将有助于增加人们犯下滥用行为的风险并删除持续的财务激励。我们为那些发现利用进口规则的人提出较重的罚款,甚至对发现违反违规行为的人的惩罚。

Review of domestic breeding regulations

Alongside reviewing legislation governing the importation of puppies into the UK, the Government must also review the impact of recent legislation regarding domestic supply. As long as domestic supply is unable to meet domestic demand, there will be a gap in the market for importers to fill. We are calling on the Westminster Government to review the impact of the Animals Activities (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals (England) Regulations 2018 in relation to dog breeding.