Dog breeding regulations

Puppies asleep

Kennel Club认为,应监管狗育种,并将进入更多的育种者,以维护水坝及其小狗的健康和福利。但是,我们认为,任何对育种者所施加的措施都必须按比例,容易和公平地执行,并根据适合作为UKAS认可的繁殖计划成员的育种者的自我调节因素。

Our work

We have consistently engaged with policymakers to advocate for better enforcement of breeding regulations and for measures which more easily enable puppy buyers to identify responsible breeders.
我们相信合作是关键improving enforcement and maintaining high standards of breeding. See our Collaboration is Key breeding reports below to find out more about breeding regulations inEngland,苏格兰, and威尔士。

犬舍俱乐部的合作是关键报告

England

In October 2018, the Government introduced new regulations for dog breeding, the most drastic of which was a reduction in the litter threshold for which a dog breeding licence is required. Anyone breeding three or more litters and selling at least one puppy in a 12-month period must obtain a licence from their local authority, rather than the previous five litters or more per year. A key element of the new regulations is the business test, which stipulates that those breeding one or two litters in a 12-month period will be required to obtain a licence if they are deemed to be ‘breeding dogs and advertising a business of selling dogs’.

Other measures included within the regulation have been designed to further assist puppy buyers in identifying good breeders and to ensure breeders are operating in a responsible manner. These include a star rating system, designed to reward high-performing breeding establishments, risking rating to determine whether the breeder is a low-risk or high-risk operator, and guidance on the minimum welfare standard that all licensed breeders will be required to meet.

Read our detailed explanation of the English regulations

对供应的影响

在2018年英国引入该法规后,颁发的许可证数量增加了76%。然而,许可证发放要求对低繁殖量的繁殖者提出了不成比例的要求,在2019年4月至2020年4月期间,40%的许可证发放给了一到两个产仔繁殖者。考虑到新法规的目的是确保高繁殖量繁殖者负责任地安全运营,令人失望的是,在这些数字中,低产量养殖者的比例过高,他们往往没有足够的资源或资金来满足广泛的需求。

每年,养犬俱乐部登记了大约三分之一在英国繁殖的小狗——每年约有250000只小狗。在英国实行许可证制度后,在养犬俱乐部登记的小狗减少了18000只,这意味着国内狗市场总共短缺约75000只小狗。我们听到许多低产量育种家计划减少每年繁殖的窝数,或完全停止繁殖,这是他们现在必须满足的繁重许可证要求的直接结果。

Given that 87% of breeders registered with The Kennel Club breed one to two litters per year, a significant reduction in their breeding activity prompts a number of concerns regarding the dog breeding sector and the market supply. Prospective puppy buyers will now have less opportunity to buy from reputable, responsible breeders who have raised their puppies in a loving home environment, as the gap in the market is filled by unethical, low welfare puppy importers and puppy farmers.

复杂的法规

Determining whether a breeder who breeds fewer than three litters per year meets the criteria set out in a business test is a complex process which can be interpreted in a different way depending on the local authority. Whether low volume breeders will require a licence is a postcode lottery, with some local authorities telling breeders that they will require a licence if they advertise even one puppy for sale. The reliability of this enforcement method is questionable, given that 65% of breeders do not rely on advertising pups for sale due to having waiting lists and over 80% of those advertising using non-commercial websites.

对于12个月期间的繁殖三或四个小窝,许可证系统过于复杂,官僚主义和昂贵。它对那些在一年内作为大批量生产的人繁殖三个小窝的人来说。

犬舍俱乐部的建议

We have consistently called upon policymakers to remove the business test element of the regulations. Not only would this remove the ambiguity as to whether a one or two litter breeder is a ‘business’, it will also mean that local authorities are better able to focus their limited resources to ensure that high volume breeders – many of whom are still operating under the radar – are breeding responsibly and are fully licensed.

我们还鼓励饲养员加入犬舍俱乐部的放心饲养员,该俱乐部在十多年前获得了英国皇家学会的独立认证,有效地自我管理了大约4000名饲养员。该计划要求育种者使用特定品种的健康测试和预防性健康措施,同时确保小狗在出售前由兽医检查。政府在2018年的法规中认可了有保证的繁殖者,规定www.w88.com在没有许可证的情况下,该计划的成员资格可以计入合规历史记录(纳入星级评级和风险评级要素)。由于地方当局的资源极度不足,而且无法向三倍于以前的繁殖者发放许可证,我们认为应修订条例,使计划成员受有保障的繁殖者的监管,而不是由地方当局监管。鉴于该计划设定的高标准,这将确保母犬及其幼犬的健康和福利得到维持,并确保饲养者以负责任的方式运作。

犬舍俱乐部要什么?
  • www.w88.com政府必须通过删除商业测试来简化狗育种法规,以鼓励低储存,高福利育种者来繁殖窝水并增加国内供应
  • www.w88.com政府应将“放心育种者计划”全面纳入2018年法规,允许该计划对其成员进行自我监管

苏格兰

The Scottish Government has introduced new breeding regulations which stipulate that dog breeders will require a licence if they breed three or more litters per year.
我们很高兴苏格兰育种法规没有包含“商业测试”,这给英格兰的低产量育种者带来了相当大的困难。这种“商业测试”会让许多一胎和二胎育种者不确定是否需要获得许可证,导致高福利育种者一起停止繁殖。由于对幼犬的高需求,任何国内供应量的减少都不可避免地会受到幼犬进口商和幼犬养殖户的影响,从而引起对动物福利的严重关注。

Wales

2015年威尔士引入的最新繁殖法规设定了明确的许可门槛,并试图将动物福利标准提高到现实水平。我们欢迎这项立法,因为它是直接的育种者和地方当局了解;然而,我们仍然关注这些规则是如何执行的。

当条例通过时,我们估计威尔士有执照的育种者的数量将增加三倍;然而,根据威尔士政府的数据,每年只有219家狗饲养者获得当地政府颁发的许可证。这还不到根据我们自己的登记数据应该发放许可证的四分之一,该数据显示282名威尔士种畜需要获得许可证。我们还担心,在2016-2017年,50%的地方当局对养犬场进行了5次或更少的检查。因此,我们认为,养犬俱乐部的“放心养犬人计划”必须纳入许可证框架:该计划目前有能力进行5次,每年进行1000次检查,以改善动物福利,www.w88.com并配合该计划所进行的持续监察和检查。

To find out more about how the Assured Breeders scheme could work in practice in Wales, please read ourupdated breeding report for Wales。威尔士政府至关重要,旨在加强其规定,并侧重于改善执法,以促进国www.w88.com家的负责任的育种和遏制高水平的小水平养殖。